Nineteen ninety-four was a good year for a new kind of goth. Previously, for the most part the men had been sensitive artists, and even the ones who could be pretty brutal -- such as Nick Cave -- never seemed to lose their sense of grace and elegance. But two men changed all that, one real and one fictional.
The first was Trent Reznor. Disguised as a hard-rock/industrial musician, Reznor shot into the spotlight with Pretty Hate Machine in 1989. That album alone would have cemented his place as a great goth musician, but it was his second album, 1994's The Downward Spiral, that showed that not only was he a rock star, he was a master of production and audio vision. "Closer" remains one of his biggest hits, if not in fact his biggest, while "Hurt" has become almost like a hymn thanks to honorary goth Johnny Cash's harrowing 2003 cover.